The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923, was enacted as a social security measure to provide relief to employees for injury caused by industrial accidents. In 2009, the Workmen’s Compensation Act was amended to “Employees’ Compensation Act.”
The substitution of the term ‘workman’ with ’employee’ was made in order to make the law gender neutral. Under this Act, an employer is liable to compensate, in the manner provided in the Act, an employee for the following subject to the conditions specified therein:
a) any accident arising out of or in the course of employment causing personal injury;
b) employee being afflicted by any occupational disease peculiar to an industry contained in Schedule III of the Act being industries having an environment with high risk of contamination.
Comments and feedback are welcome.